Biosecurity for producers

Suggested Steps to Improve Biosecurity on your Farm - Farm Visitors


  • Have a single entry to the farm for vehicular traffic
  • Have a single entry to the farm buildings for visitors
  • Do not allow contact with the animals unless necessary
  • Keep visitors out of feeding and feed storage areas
  • Provide freshly laundered coveralls, boots (disposable or disinfected slip on’s), and hats for visitors who will enter animal areas
  • Have visitors who will interact with animals wash their hands
  • Any visitors who will touch cows’ udders must wear gloves
  • Consider footbaths containing disinfecting solution in all pedestrian doorways

Change the disinfecting solution whenever organic matter (feed, manure, etc.) becomes apparent

Visitors/Visiting Workers from Foreign Countries

Provide clean clothing and footwear for visitors who will have contact with your animals

Visitors from countries where Foot and Mouth Disease is endemic must disinfect clothing before visiting

Visitors from countries where Foot and Mouth Disease is endemic must avoid ALL contact with both livestock and wildlife for 14 days prior to visiting a US farm



  • Disinfectants cannot work in the presence of organic matter (feed, manure, etc.)
  • When cleaning animal areas or equipment, remove all organic matter by sweeping, washing, scraping, etc. prior to disinfecting
  • For best disinfecting results, thoroughly wash areas with a cleaning solution prior to disinfecting
  • Thorough cleaning can remove 85-95% of microbes
  • Keep separate tools for manure handling and feeding



  • Disinfect foot trimming equipment between farms
  • Disinfect veterinary and identification equipment between animals, groups and farms
  • Disinfecting should begin only after surfaces are clean and dry
  • Disinfecting procedures should

Start at the top of the item to be disinfected and work down


  • Ensure that disinfectant solution runs off all the surfaces
  • Allow disinfected surfaces to dry before using
  • Suggested disinfectant for Foot and Mouth Disease

1 ounce of household bleach per gallon of water

2.5 ounces of household bleach per gallon of water for soiled surfaces such as boots

Pest Control


  • Remove attractants such as spilled feed, spoiled feed, manure, weeds, brushy areas
  • Plug holes and gaps that rodents can enter
  • Use netting and ventilation grills to prevent rodents and birds from entering animal areas
  • Move animal carcasses away from buildings, feed storage and corrals immediately
  • Use fly sprays, fly baits, rodent baits, and traps to contain pest populations
  • Keep domestic pets away from farm premises
  • Keep birds, rodents, domestic pets, and wildlife out of feed storage and feeding areas

Isolation of New Livestock

Isolate new arrivals

Establish isolation, testing, and vaccination protocols with your veterinarian